If only the children in North Africa _____ access to a good education, they __________ a better future change

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If only the children in North Africa _____ access to a good education, they _____ a better chance at a future.

A) have / could have
B) would have / had
C) had / might have
D) will have / had
E) had / might have

Which option completes the sentence?

The correct option that completes the sentence is A) have / could have.

The sentence expresses a hypothetical condition and its possible result in the future. We use the unreal past condition and the present subjunctive tense to convey this meaning. The verb “have” is in the present tense because it follows the subject “children” and “could have” is used to express the possibility of a better future.

The sentence structure is as follows:
If only + subject + past simple verb (had) + access to + object + present subjunctive verb (could have) + a better future change.

TERMS:

  • Present subjunctive: The present subjunctive is used to express hypothetical conditions or actions that are not yet realized. It is marked by the base form of the verb without any additional markers, such as “-s” or “-es” for third-person singular subjects.